Nikolai Genov (born 1946) is a sociologist of Bulgarian origin. He received his Dr.phil. in sociology from the University of Leipzig in 1975 and his Dr.sc. from the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in 1986. In 1990 he became professor at BAS. Between 2002 and 2011 he was professor of sociology at the Institute of Sociology and Institute of Eastern European Studies of the Free University of Berlin. Since 2011 till 2016 he has been the head of the Institute of Global and Regional Development at the School of Advanced Social Studies in Slovenia. He has conducted research and taught at the universities of Berkeley, Bielefeld, Frankfurt am Main, Cassel, Lund, Moscow, Rome, Seoul and Warsaw.
From 1980 until 1990 Genov was the organizer of the International Varna Sociological School. From 1990 till 1992 he was co-director of the Centre for Research and Documentation in the Social Sciences (the Vienna Centre). From 1994 to 1996 he was vice-president of UNESCO's Management of Social Transformations (MOST) program. From 2003 to 2008 he was a member of the Advisory Board of the program. From 1996 till 1998 he was member and from 1998 till 2002 vice-president of the International Social Science Council (ISSC, Paris). Between 2000 and 2010 he was Director of the UNESCO/ISSC International Summer School Comparative Research in the Social Sciences. From 2003 to 2005 he was Director of the Institute of Eastern European Studies at the Free University Berlin.